10 types of ownership in real estate – make sure your rights are protected

Table of Contents

Types of Ownership in Real Estate

Share This Post

Custody of the title to a commercial real estate property may be managed in numerous ways that vary a while rather than each other.

After-tax rewards for charging snags, each kind of commercial property title carries single benefits and disadvantages, so it is vital to know that you are gross over an original real estate asset separately.

In this column, we will analyze the diverse property titles in commercial real estate and debate the cons and pros of individual selection.

All about Real Estate Ownership

Individuals may particular real estate for their crucial home or grasp as an asset rental property, and their title is resolute over what is identified as a title. Here are diverse real estate titles near to less mutual methods of holding title to a real estate property. It is significant to see these variances. Thus you may choose which way greatest suits your desires.

Earlier in receipt of these divisions, know first that real estate is a kind of property that is complete up of land, as well as any building placed on it. Perfections to the building also sum in the direction of the property. The description also contains any other fixed capitals that may look as if on that portion of land with undergrowth, yields, natural resources, and even water.

So if you want to know more about types of ownership in real estate, keep on reading the informative post. Real estate may be both residential and commercial. Commercial assets contain office structures, barns, shopping hubs, and other retail planetary. On the other indicator, residential stuff is finished up of homes, co-operatives, studios, and any other kind of property destined for residential existence.

What Is Title Or Ownership?

The term ownership is a legal document containing the name of any property’s legal owner. These documents can be issued to expose the owner of both real property and personal property.

10 Types of Ownership in Real Estate with Rewards & Drawbacks

Essential Features of the Ownership

Titles may be distributed to show the title of both private and physical possessions. 

The title raises to a file that leans the legal possessor of a portion of the property. However, the diverse kinds of real estate names are combined occupancy, occupancy in mutual, occupants by sum, single tenure, and public stuff.

Company possession, business possession, and trust possession are other shared kinds of property possession.

Kinds of Property Possession

The way the title raises to a file inclines the legal owner of a piece of property. Titles may be used to show estate ownership of both private and actual property. Individual property is everything that does not contain real estates, such as uses, antiques, vehicles, or artwork.

On the other hand, the tangible property contains the corporal property of the real estate as well as a pack of ownership and procedure civil rights. The name for the physical property must be transported once the asset is traded, and it must be clean for handover to gross-up.

Clearing a title for physical property means determining that it is free of liens or encumbrances that could threaten its ownership.

Real estate possession may gross more than a few methods, taking suggestions on possession handover, funding, collateralization, and taxing. A particular kind of title takes its rewards and difficulties, reliant on an individual’s specific condition and in what way one desires ownership to permit in the occasion of such gears as decease, separation, or sale. The record mutual of these means of title holding are:

  1. Sole Possession
  2. Combined Occupancy
  3. Joint Occupancy
  4. Tenancy in common
  5. Tenancy in Shared vs. Joint Occupancy
  6. Tenants by the Whole
  7. Owning Partnership (LLC)
  8. Sole Ownership
  9. Public property
  10. Owning Trust

Contract’s uncivilized appearance at what these types of designation harsh as well as the loots and problems 

Once the entrance to the acquisition of commercial property, it is recurrently applied to reference with an attorney specifying in real estate and active in the public wherever the chaos is situated.

Varied types of ownership may be singular for salable property landlords in different sites due to adjustable verdicts and other subjects.

Let’s gross a thorough appearance at the most significant shared kinds of property possession:

10 Types of Ownership in Real Estate

1) Sole Possession

In this situation, the filled possession of the real estate strength fits a sole separate. Sole possession is usually used for multifamily fees like duplex apartments and triplexes, minor trade properties, and land.


The main petition of sole possession is that choices near the property, such as what means greatest to habit it or once to trade, do not necessarily be accepted by occupants or any other gathering sideways from the landlord. By way of getting in the future pieces, this is not the situation with property possession situations such as combined occupancy and tenancy in shared.


The main disadvantage of sole possession is the additional difficulty for a possessions owner’s successors. To hand over the name, a solitary landlord’s successors must certify their land, which may be expensive and inefficient.

2) Combined Occupancy

Through a combined occupancy, two or more renter’s equal private bonds of possessions. The occupants are permitted to equal human rights, revenue, and custom of the possessions and may also help by dividing the debt and tax expenses.

Correct survivorship is one of the most excellent and significant features of a combined occupancy contract. This means that uncertainty one or many occupants expire, the possession permits on to the living occupant. Unlike validation, the right of survivorship lets possession is approved simply after one party passes.

In command to go into a combined occupancy contract, the stuff transport or act essential to exactly public that a combined occupancy and human rights of survivorship have been shaped.

However, a Joint occupancies also derive from several problems, which may enhance a positive part of the hazard. For instance, if one of the occupants has an honorary amount overdue, a creditor is lawfully permitted to gather what they are payable by the required auction of the asset.

In addition, each occupant’s duty decides on the rummage sale or handover of the possessions, which may be very preventive.

Joint occupancies also take tax penalties. For instance, lands prodigious $600,000 at death are focused on public estate and central taxes.

3) Joint Occupancy

Joint occupancy happens when two or more persons grip title to an actual park equally, with human rights to like the property through their existence. Uncertainty one of the associates deceases, their civil rights of possession permit to the alive occupant(s) done a legal association known as a true of survivorship. Occupants may go in hooked on a combined occupancy at a similar time. This frequently happens over a deed.


As stated above, the critical benefit to ingoing a joint occupancy is that possession is accepted to the living occupant if one card is on, dodging validation even deprived of a will. Additional help is that neither festivity in the possession wants to be wedded or linked. If the parties are not married, they may trade the possessions short of a law court appeal if all revelries decide to partition the property. Still, the duty for the property is common among occupants. In other words, any fiscal burden linked to possessions goes to everybody, not objective one separate.


The disadvantage is that all festivities permit any funding or use of the possessions for fiscal improvement necessity and cannot be moved by will to an outside party afterward one permits, as it mechanically drives to the living owner.

An additional significant drawback is that a creditor who takes a legal decision to gather a duty from one of the landlords may also appeal to the court to split the property and make a sale in command to gather on its ruling. In other words, each of the landlords receipts a danger in the other’s fiscal selections.

Finally, joint occupants are accountable for their portion of property upkeep and overhaul costs.

10 Types of Ownership in Real Estate

4) Tenancy in Common

Two or more people possess tenancy-in-common possession at a similar time. This kind of possession may be divided into dissimilar fractions between the occupants; later, it does not deliver equal rights, use, or revenue.

Survivorship human rights are not comprised of under-occupancy in shared. Upon passing, their successors learn the deceased’s portion, who then go into a standard contract with the other living owners.

An occupancy in shared is an additional attractive current generous of commercial property and land possession.

5) Tenancy in Shared (TIS)

By occupancy in shared, two or more individuals grip title to real estate equally, with identical or unable title ratios. Sarah, for instance, might take a 40% notice in possessions though Curtsy takes a 60% interest. Similarly, all property features are shared by the people called on the title. That means Sarah is not partial to entree only 40% of the physical property or only 40% of the spell, for example. Each landlord consumes the correct to lodge and habit the whole property. The notice percentage only governs the fiscal possession of the real estate.

Dissimilar combined occupancy, occupants in shared grasp title alone for their property share and may place or burden it at will. This kind of title may go into at all time—even years afterward, other landlords go into a contract. Possession may be wished to other individuals, and in the incident of decease, possession will be handover to that landlord’s successors entire.


Occupancy in shared permits one landlord to practice the means shaped by their share of the possessions as surety for fiscal dealings. One landlord’s creditors may place liens only in contradiction to that landlord’s share of the property. This gentle title also brands buying exceedingly informal.


A TIC does not permit for reflex stayer civil rights. All occupants are part of the charge for any amount overdue on the property. Numerous charges might be put on for possessions taxes, for instance. That means that the individual landlord is answerable up to the occupied sum unpaid. If one landlord is powerless to pay their share, the other landlords are answerable. Any liens on the assets must be vacant for a complete handover of possession to gross up.

10 Types of Ownership in Real Estate

6) Tenancy in Shared vs. Joint Occupancy

Whereas they might look at first glance, these two kinds of property titles vary in numerous conducts.

In equally states, the benefit is co-owned by two or more revelries. Dissimilar from a joint occupancy, an occupancy in a shared does not contain human rights of survivorship.

Additionally, an occupancy in shared does not offer like use, human rights, or revenue, but a combined occupancy does allow equal parts to all owners.

7) Tenants by Whole (TBW)

This way may only be used when landlords are lawfully wedded. Tenants by the whole (TBW) possess real estate under the statement that the couple is one person for lawful drives. This way carries possession to them as one person, by title moved to the additional in whole if one of them deceased.


The benefit of this way is that no lawful act desires to the gross room at the decease of one’s partner. There is no want for a will, and the validity or other lawful act is unnecessary. 


Transference of the property must be composed, and the possessions cannot be divided. In the split situation, this kind of title routinely changes to occupancy in shared, meaning that one landlord may hand possession of their share of the belongings to whomever they wish. 

8) Sole Ownership

Sole Ownership may be branded as possession by a distinct object lawfully skilled in holding the name. The maximum shared single ownership is detained by sole males and females and wedded males or females who grip possessions not together from their partner, sideways by industries that take a company erection permitting them to devote in or grip notice in real estate. 

Once wedded individuals demand personal real estate not together from their partner, title cover businesses naturally want the partner to exactly disown or surrender their actual possession in the property.


The main plus of farm the title as a single possessor is the luxury with which contacts may be skillful as no other revelry desires to be referred to allow the matter. 


The clear drawback is the possibility for lawful matters concerning the handover of possession must the only possessor decease or convert harmed. Except for exact lawful papers, like as a will, the handover of possession on death may develop actual challenges. 

9) Public Property

Public property is a procedure of possession by partners through their wedding that they mean to own composed. Under public possessions, respectively partner owns (or owes) the whole thing similarly, irrespective of who got or paid the money. Therefore, each partner becomes an equivalent partition of real estate stuff in the event of separation or decease. In the countries of EUROPE and the USA, nine states have public property laws: External of genuine land, personal possessions learned through one’s wedding, such as furniture, vehicles, and creation, may be considered public property.

10 Types of Ownership in Real Estate

10) Owning Trust

This end kind of property owner we will debate is an owning trust.

In this situation, a chosen deputy accomplishes real estate possessions under the course of a settlor who has also chosen one or more heirs. Moreover, a group or a discrete may act as the trustee.

In the incident of the trustor’s decease, their curiosity is agreed on by the elected recipients.

When conversing with trusts, clarifying the alteration between binding and revocable trusts is also significant.

An acute trust may only be altered or finished with the recipient’s consent, as the grantor has efficiently renounced all regulators.

In dissimilarity, a revocable trust immobile lets the trustor make variations to the trust. Moreover, the trustor duty pays tax on the property’s income.

Though, secrecy is not certain. A court may disinter property landlords selves, such as in the situation of any alleged illegal activity.

Frequently asked questions

What are the three types of property?

In politics and economics, there are three types of property, private, public, and collective property.

What are the different types of ownership rights?

There are different types of ownership rights including:
Sole Ownership
Legal ownership
Corporeal ownership

Final Verdict

Ownership of real estate is the process in which all the terms and conditions are transferred during real estate purchases and sales. The types of ownership depend on the rules and regulations of the state and the laws prevailing in the area. So if you want to determine the processes and steps to get and hold the real estate properties, the titles should research the variances in each method adopted. 

For those passionate about getting real estate ownership through a business entity like a trust or corporation, it is best to hire the services of professionals to know which process is suitable for their specific situation.

Want to work with me?
Schedule a free consultation with our sales team!

More To Explore